Studied photography in Munich. Worked from 1995 until 1998 with Max Keller as a part of the lighting department of Münchner Kammerspiele. After being assistant director for productions at Grand Theatre de Genève, Lincoln Center in New York and Münchner Kammerspiele he started in 2000 to work as a lighting designer for opera, theater, dance, art installations and performances.
He participated in over 130 productions at major theaters including Covent Garden London; Opéra Bastille, Opera Garnier, La Comédie Française and Théâtre du Châtelet in Paris; La Monnaie Bruxelles; Opera de Lyon; Metropolitan Opera New York; Staatsoper unter den Linden, Schaubühne and Deutsches Theater in Berlin; Bayerische Staatsoper and Residenztheater in Munich; Dramaten Stockholm; Det Norske Teatret Oslo; Teatro dell’Opera Roma; Festival d’Avignon; Teatro Real Madrid; Festival d'Aix en Provence; Bolshoi Theater Moscow; Salzburger Festspiele; NCPA and Poly Theater Beijing; Sydney Opera House; Dutch National Opera, Salzburger Feestspiele, Bayreuth Festival and Wiener Festwochen.
He works with stage directors like Thomas Ostermeier, La Fura dels Baus, William Kentridge, Pierre Audi, Michael Haneke, Sidi Larbi Cherkaoui, Sasha Waltz and was a long time collaborator of Robert Wilson. His work includes also lighting designs for art projects with Vanessa Beecroft, Anselm Kiefer, Dan Graham, Taryn Simon and Marina Abramović. He also designed works for installations in Karkow, Munich, Salzburg and New York. In 2012 he directed and designed the two Operas Jetzt and What Next? and in 2014 Happy Happy, composed by Mathis Nitschke at the Opera National de Montpellier. In 2017 he created the set and lighting design for the production Bomarzo at the Teatro Real in Madrid.